“All you need is love and a passport.”
Renewing or Replacing Your Passport
If you are renewing a passport, send the application directly to the passport processing center by mail or go to one of the acceptance facilities.
If you lose or have a passport stolen while you are abroad, go to your consulate or embassy to apply for a new passport.
When I lost my passport in Merida, Mexico, the process to get a replacement passport was relatively expensive but straightforward (around $200) once I got to the consulate. (The process required filling out the application with a photo and fee. I also had to prepare a FedEx return envelope so that the consulate could send the passport back to me)
The biggest problem was getting an appointment at the consulate to start the process. I went to the consulate in Merida’s website to schedule an appointment online and found that were no available spots. I had to make several calls to get the consulate to open up new slots. Then I had to wait two weeks to get the next available appointment. I do not what would have happened if I did not have a month to wait for the appointment and passport processing.
Many countries will not allow you to enter their country if you have six months or less duration left before your passport expires. For this reason, I always renew my passport at least eight months before its expiration, even if I have no immediate travel plans. (Six months before expiration plus two months for passport processing)